The P-Z WORDS LIST ORIGINS PAGE
last tweaked 09 February 2004
- palter : akin to ModE paltry, which took a different and more clearly negative turn of meaning. The origin of 'paltry' is a mystery.
- pavid : L pavidus
- perkie : EAnglia dial.
- piddle : prob. DialDu
- pilpul : Yiddish, from Heb
- pirl : Scand ?
- potlatch/potshall : Nootka patshatl
- rackle : ME rakel
- rax : OE raxan
- reem : OE hréman
- reeth akin to OE réthe (cruel, unsparing)
- reremouse : OE hréremús, lit. 'stirring-mouse'
- riant : MF
- rill : Du ril
- risping : Fris risp(-ing); akin in some way to ModE reap, which is the semantic equivalent
- rith : OE ríð
- rizzle : orig. a linguist's calque based on OE (Epinal Glossary) rysil (fat)
- rofe : prob. OE hreof (scabes)
- rood : OE ród (a wooden cross, when used as an implement of punishment), akin to ModE rod
- roose : ON hrósa
- ruddock : Scots, from OE rudduc
- sain : L signum
- slawback : Wight dial.
- sook/soke : OE sócn (inquiry)
- takeaway : Brit
- taken short : Brit
- tarn : ON tjörn
- taw : OE táwian
- tawy/tawie : Scot, from OE táwian (to prepare, make ready or useful)
- tilk : ??; may be akin to L dulcis (sweet), from IE *dulkus
- tilth : OE tilian (to till)
- tiver : OE teafor
- toft : ON topt
- tole : ME tolen
- tor : OE torr
- tungle : OE tungol
- transsectite : trans- + sect, patterned after E. transvestite
- treastening :
- treppverter : Yid, Dan
- trey/trig : (adj)
- --- trig up :
- trone :
- troll-saw : from Norse sources;
- trull :
U- and V-
- urp : US, South Louisiana and coastal Alabama, imitative. The term developed from ModE burp. If someone just puts out gas, it's 'burp'; if someone throws up stomach materials, it's 'urp'.
- viscid : gooey, icky, yet flowing; the texture of a liquid with the consistency of a sewage flow
- warrow : OE wearg, wearh (wolf; thus, predator; thus, criminal). Some modern fantasy books have used the term 'warg' to desribe a wild and evil race.
- welk : OE wolcen
- wen : Brit slang, from OE wenn (sore, boil)
- wintle : Scot, akin to Flemish windtelen (to reel)
- wittow : OE witega (prophet, literally, 'the one who contains wisdom')
- wobbly : British slang; from ModE wobble (the concept here is that one's self-control or sanity suffers a 'wobble' from its normally-steady course).
- wotcher : working-class British slang, a contraction of 'what cheer'.
- wrixle : OE wrixlian
- wroo : ME
- wuldor : OE
- whalve : from the Norse source of Icel hvolfa (to capsize)
- when pigs fly : a British equivalent of US 'when hell freezes over'; never, no way
- whinge : alteration of ModE whine
- Y-fronts : British/Australian slang; from the shape of the flap on the underwear
- yim : Scot
- zizz : imitative; akin to 'catching one's Zs'
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