-IMP WORD ORIGINS
- amp : (1) short for Andre Ampere (1775-1836), a French electrical
------- (2) short for 'amplifier', from 'amplify', from L amplificáre
: amplus (large) + -ficáre (suffix, = 'to make or cause')
- camp : L campus (field)
- champ : (1) see 'chomp';
------- (2) short for 'champion', from OF champion, from Medieval L campió,
from L campus
- clamp : an unknown OE of the same source as MDu klampe
- cramp : ME crampe, supposedly from OF, but more likely from
a common source in Franconian (an old Germanic language), from Gmc *krampas
- damp : ME (= foul gas), akin to MDu (= vapor, gas); both from
Gmc *dampas (prob. = fog, stagnant air)
- gamp : British slang, from Sarah Gamp, a character in Charles
Dickens' *Martin Chuzzlewit*. She was a nurse who carried a large
- hamp : akin to Fris homp
- gramp : mumbled child-word form of 'grandfather'
- lamp : ME lampe, from OF, from L lampas, from Gk lampein (to
- pamp : akin to ModE pamper, ME pamperen; prob ODu or OFris,
from Gmc *pamperan
- ramp : both (1) and (2) from OF ramper (to rise up), prob. from
Franconian, from Gmc *rampan
- samp : Algonkian nas'aump
- scamp : MDu schampen, from both of two sources : (a)
East Gmc *skampan (insubstantial, not serious), akin to Swed skumpa (to
scamper off; bump, sharp bend), and (b) VL excampáre, from L ex
campó (out of the field)
- slamp : poss. ModE slam + ModE slip ?
- stamp : ME stampen and OE stempan, from Gmc *stempjan
- stramp : Tyneside dial.; from 'trample'.
- swamp : prob. OFris or earlier; from Gmc *swampan/swampjan and
- tamp : from ME tampin, from OF tampon (plug), whence also ModE tampon
- thamp : akin to OFris ðampene
- tramp : ME trampen, prob. from OSax, from Gmc *trampan
- vamp : (1) ME vampe (= sock), from OF avanpie, from OF avaunt
(before) + pie (foot; from L pés/ped-);
------- (2) short for 'vampire', from Ger Vampir, from a term in West Slavic, *vumpir-
- wramp : akin to Dan vramp (to warp)
- ample : L amplus, prob. from IE *ambhi-
- example : OF example, from L exemplum, from L eximere (to take
out) : ex- (out) + emere (to take)
- sample : through Anglo-Norman, from L exemplum
- strample : prob. from Fris strampel
- trample : tramp + -le (frequentive suffix)
- dampen : damp + -en (to make or become)
- hamper : (1) OF hanepier (a goblet-holding case), from hanap
(goblet). The root is supposedly Germanic, though one would think it was
borrowed by them from another source.
------- (2) ME hamperen, prob. from OF, from Gmc
- pamper : see 'pamp'
- scamper : from VL excampáre (see 'scamp')
- slamper : akin to ModE sleep
- stampede : from Catalan/Provencal estampir (to stamp), from
Gmc *stempjan (see 'stamp')
- tampon : see 'tamp'
- after-/black-/fire-damp : from the original Gmc sense of *damp-
as 'stagnant or foul air'. (This shows how an ancient usage 300 years lost
is maintained within an isolated context, in the life of mine work, which
is itself much more ancient than the word is.) "After-" as an
aftereffect of a fire or explosion (also 'chokedamp'); "Black-" because carbon dioxide can't be seen, especially in a dark mine; "Fire-" to describe the combustive effect of methane.
- pampa : Quechua pampa (flatlands)
- revamp : from 'vamp' (1) above. It literally means to re-build
the vamp (upper part) of a shoe. In times of old, this often had to be
done with haste, often by the wearer. This sort of improvisation led to
'vamp' for improvised music, and revamp, for the process of rebuilding
something so that it functions.
- vampire : Ger. Vampir, from a term in West Slavic, *vumpir-
- hemp : OE haenep, from Gmc *hanapas, from the Semitic source
of Gk kannabis, which was borrowed into IE.
- lemp : akin to Sw lämpa
- remp : akin to Sylt räämpi
- snemp : akin to ModE snipe, snip
- temp : (1) short for 'temporary';
-------- (2) short for 'temperature'
- temper : OE temprian, from L temperáre, from L tempus
- temple : L templum
- tempt : L temptáre
- temptation : see 'tempt'
- becrimp : Fris bekrimpe
- blimp : ModE; poss. be- + limp
- chimp : Portuguese, from Vili ci-mpenzi
- crimp : Du krimpen, from Gmc *krimpjan
- flimp : akin to ModE flip; prob. from a lost OSax or OFris word
- frimp : prob. fr. early Dutch, akin to wrimp (see below).
- gimp : (1) OF guimple, from OHG wimpal (stole, scarf); see 'wimple'
------- (2) unknown, but prob. Low German (yet, see Lith. kump- (hooked))
- imp : (1) and (2) OE impa (shoot, offspring, graft), from L
impotus (grafted branch), from Gk emphutos, from Gk emphuein (to graft
onto), from en- (into) + phuein (to make grow); from IE *bheue-
- jimp : ME
- limp : OE lemphealt, from OE limp- (hanging loosely) + -healt
(unable to move the leg; lame); akin to OE lama (lame)
- mimp : see 'mump'
- pimp : ?? poss. an offshoot of words for 'pepper', used as an aphrodesiac
- plimp : akin to ModE plop, ultimately imitative
- primp : reportedly from ModE 'prim', though that kind of formation would be odd in English
- rimp : akin to HelgoFris rimp
- simp : short for 'simple', 'simpleton'
- scrimp : from the Scandinavian source of Sw skrympa (to shrink);
see also 'shrimp'
- shrimp : (1) and (2) ME shrimpe, from Low German
- skimp : akin to ME scrimp
- wimp : poss. from 'whimper'
- wrimp : akin to ModE wrinkle
- guimpe : from OF guimple, from OHG wimpal (stole, scarf)
- dimple : ME dimpel; possibly in OE, but in any event is from
the predecessors to Dutch
- drimple : akin to NFris drimpel
- pimple : ME pinple; akin to ModE 'pin'
- rimple : it sounds like it comes from combining 'wrinkle'
and 'rumple'. However, it's from OE hrympel, poss. related to 'crimp'
- simple : from L simplus and L simplex
- wimple : OE wimpel (scarf; nun's headgear)
- flimper : akin to ModE flip
- glimpse : ME glimsen
- simper : poss. Scand, but may have orig. West Gmc roots
- whimper : supposedly imitative; if so, it is imitative dating
from the earliest of West Germanic
- himphamp : Fris hymphamp
- Stimpy : a cartoon character in the TV show "Ren & Stimpy".
- chomp : former past tense form of 'champ'(v)
- clomp : imitative
- comp : (1) short for 'complementary';
------- (2) short for 'accompaniment'
- pomp : OF pompe, from L pompa, from Gk pompé (procession),
from Gk pempein (to send forth)
- romp : former past tense of 'ramp'
- stomp : former past tense of 'stamp'
- tromp : former past tense of 'tramp'
- trompe : OF trompe (horn), from Gmc source of OHG trumpa and
It tromba, ModE trombone
- whomp : a by-form of 'whip', influenced by the sound of a heavy
slap or pounding hit
- pompous : OF pompeux, from L pompósus, from L pompa (see
- prompt : L promptus, pp. of L prómere (to bring forth)
- rompers : from the intent of the clothes; they were designed
to allow the children to 'romp' and not have to worry about accidental disrobings or other such accidents. In that way, the true 'romper' ('the one who romps') is the child.
- bump : from EGmc, poss. imitative
- chump : chunk + lump
- clump : MLG klumpe (cluster of trees)
- crump : ME crumpen (to curl up)
- dump : ME dumpen (to drop, fall suddenly), prob. from a Scandinavian
- flump down : akin to E flop ?
- frump : from ME frumple (wrinkle), prob. from for- + rumple
(in the manner of freten, from for- + etan (eat)); akin to MDu verrompelen
(to wrinkle), akin to ModE rumple
- gump : unkn. Scand.
- grump : akin to Du grommelen (to mutter, grumble)
- hump : OLG; prob. from Gmc
- jump : ME jumpen, of Gmc origin
- lump : ME lumpe, of Du/LG origin
- mump : dial. ME
- plump : (1) MLG plomp (thick), poss. akin to Latvian pampt (to
swell) and pumpurs (bud ready to burst open); ultimately, to ModE pump,
---------- (2) ME plumpen (to immerse quickly), poss. orig. plop + dump,
influenced by the sound of something plumping into the water. Also, see 'plunk'.
- pump : ME pumpe; EGmc, but from where??
- rump : from the source of Sw rumpa (posterior)
- scrump : s-form rel. to E crumple
- slump : akin to Norw slumpa
- stump (n) : ME, from LG, from EGmc
- stump (v) : from the cricket wicket
- sump : ME sompe, MD somp, MHG sumpf (swamp)
- thump : ME; poss. imitative, but even if so, prob Norse in origin
- trump : from ME triumph, fr. OF
- tump : Dorset English; poss Welsh
- ump : short for 'umpire', fr. OF nonper (nonpareil, one who
has no peers at hand; thus, one who is not a party to the situation)
- brumple : Scots
- crumple : ME crumplen, from crumpen (to curl up) + -le (frequentive
- scrumple : Scots
- scrumpy : west England dial.s
- bumper : from 'bump'
- dumper : from 'dump'
- bumpkin : Du boomken, from Du boom (tree)
- mumps : orig., a plural of 'mump'; due to the sad, pained look
on the face of a child who has mumps.
- thumping : adjective-adverb use is NorthE (but they pronounce 'ing' as 'in'. Their grammar teachers tell them they're dropping the 'g', but as often as not they're really dropping a 'd' from OE -end, -and, the suffix that changed many verbs to adjectives, which was replaced in Standard English by -ing, but not in dialect.)
- crumpet : ME crompid cake, poss. from past partic. of crumpen
(to curl up); akin to ModE crumple, crumble, crumb
- strumpet : ME
- trumpet : OF trompette, diminutive of trompe (horn), from Gmc
source of OHG trumpa and It tromba, ModE trombone
- sumpter : prob. OF
- mugwump : Massachusett mummugguomp (war chieftain), from ProtoAlgonkian (possibly : *mummuk gwomp, or something similar). It was most specifically used in 1884 for Republicans who opposed James Blaine, their candidate for President. It was derogatory then, but took on more honor as time went on and political independency became more respected.
- scrumptious : deformed ver. of 'sumptuous'
- sumptuous : L sumptus (expense)
- sumptuary : L sumptus (expense)
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